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Sources: Episode Seventeen

As always, the goal at Thugs and Miracles is to be as transparent as possible and to spark a discussion about history. This podcast would be remiss to that end if it did not include a list of all of the sources used to make every episode. If you think I have missed anything, or if you have a recommendation for a source I haven't used yet, please feel free to reach out and let me know!


Without further ado, my source list for Episode Seventeen - Fredegunda.



Bachrach, Bernard S. The Anatomy of a Little War: A Diplomatic and Military History of the Gundovald Affair (568-586). Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994.

Craft, Brandon Taylor. “Queenship, Intrigue and Blood-Feud: Deciphering the Causes of the Merovingian Civil Wars, 561-613.” LSU Digital Commons, 2013. https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/gradschool_theses/3931

Gradowicz-Pancer, Nira. “De-Gendering Female Violence: Merovingian Female Honour as an ‘Exchange of Violence.’” Early Medieval Europe 11, no. 1 (2003): 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0254.00098

Gregory Bishop of Tours. "Medieval Sourcebook: History of the Franks.” Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Accessed January 8, 2019. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/basis/gregory-hist.asp

Gregory. The History of the Franks. Translated by O. M. Dalton. Vol. 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1927.

Guizot François Pierre Guillaume. A Popular History of France, From the Earliest Times. Edited by Robert Black. Vol. 1. Humanities Web. Accessed April 7, 2020. http://www.humanitiesweb.org/spa/nli/ID/213

James, Edward. The Franks. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell, 1988.

Wood, Ian. The Merovingian Kingdoms, 450-751. London: Longman Group UK Limited, 1994.

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