• Ben

Sources: Episode Fourteen

As always, the goal at Thugs and Miracles is to be as transparent as possible and to spark a discussion about history. This podcast would be remiss to that end if it did not include a list of all of the sources used to make every episode. If you think I have missed anything, or if you have a recommendation for a source I haven't used yet, please feel free to reach out and let me know!

Without further ado, my source list for Episode Fourteen - The Year That Was - 561.


Blockmans, Wim, and P. Hoppenbrouwers. Introduction to Medieval Europe, 300-1550. London: Routledge, 2007.

Bunson, Matthew. Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. New York: Facts On File, 1995.

Christie, Neil. The Lombards: The Ancient Longobards. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 1995.

“European Kingdoms - Celts of Armorica.” Kingdoms of Armorican Celts - Brittany / High Kings. Kessler Associates, January 2, 1999. https://www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsBritain/ArmoricaHighKings.htm

Fossier, Robert. The Cambridge Illustrated History of the Middle Ages. Translated by Janet Sondheimer. Vol. I. Cambridge: University Press, 1989.

Geary, Patrick J. Before France and Germany: The Creation and Transformation of the Merovingian World. Oxford: University Press, 1988.

Gregory Bishop of Tours. "Medieval Sourcebook: History of the Franks.” Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Accessed January 8, 2019. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/basis/gregory-hist.asp

Hen, Yitzhak. Roman Barbarians: The Royal Court and Cultural Patronage in Early Medieval Europe. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Olson, Lynette. The Early Middle Ages: The Birth of Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Oman, Charles. Dark Ages 476-918. London: Rivingtons, 1908. https://books.google.com/books?id=PDkNAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Perry, Walter C. The Franks, from Their First Appearance in History to the Death of King Pepin. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans and Roberts, 1857. https://ia800205.us.archive.org/27/items/cu31924028133522/cu31924028133522.pdf

von Pflugk-Harttung, Julius Henry. A History of All Nations: The Early Middle Ages. Translated by John Henry Wright. Vol. 7. Philadelphia: Lea, 1905. https://books.google.com/books?id=bB46AQAAIAAJ&pg